Dentistry is a deeply complex medical profession that, despite only operating on a small percentage of your body, can have some of the most profound effects on your confidence and general well-being. Dentists are the saviours we rely on when we’ve neglected brushing or damaged our teeth in some sudden way, with a variety of procedures at their disposal to correct issues, alleviate pain, and restore the aesthetics of your smile.
Let’s take a quick look at the 5 most common dental procedures.

1. Root Canals

Root canals are one of the more invasive dental procedures as it is used to remove the tissue at the centre of a tooth (known as pulp). This pulp can become inflamed or infected due to a variety of reasons, including decay, faulty crowns or chips and cracks in the tooth.
Without treatment, the problematic pulp tissue can being to pus and form an abscess which can actually destroy the bone layers around your teeth, causing almost unbearable pain in the process. A dentist may finish off your root canal by recommending a cap be placed over the top of the tooth to prevent another build-up.

2. Fillings

Probably the most frequently requested treatment of dentists worldwide, fillings are exactly what they sound like – a filler for a hole or gap in your teeth. Cavities form small depressions in your teeth that, if left untreated, can deepen can jeopardise the integrity of your tooth which can lead to infection and abscesses.

3. Dental Caps (Crowns)

A dental crown or cap is a cover that’s placed over an existing tooth that is compromised in some way, such as after a root canal. They work to permanently strengthen the tooth against further damage. They are normally either made out of porcelain or metal, sometimes both.
They are installed by giving the patient local anaesthetic then shaping the tooth in preparation for the crown. This involves filing the tooth to make room for the crown, and the dentist may use filling material to help support the tooth receiving the crown.
After this, you will get a mould of the tooth made and it will be send for manufacturing. In the meantime, the dentist will install a temporary cap. When the proper cap is manufactured, you need to go in for a second visit so the dentist can use it to replace the temporary one.

4. Extractions

Tooth extractions are another common procedure that become necessary when a tooth is compromised beyond the point of repair and need to be removed. Wisdom teeth are often the first victims of tooth extractions because of their relative redundancy and tendency to push up against back teeth due to a lack of space around the oral cavity.
Generally, a dentist will exhaust other measures like fillings and caps before resorting to an extraction.

5. Implants and bridges

Teeth that are missing or broken need to be replaced with either a false tooth or a bridge that can be supported by implants or natural teeth. Implants are basically faux teeth complete with a crown and root. These implants work to actually fuse with the bone, functionally becoming permanent teeth the longer you have them.